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Library Resources for Graduate & PhD Students: Citing Sources-Chicago

This LibGuide was designed to introduce SU Graduate Students to Library Resources and Services available at John B. Cade Library

Chicago Manual of Style

Understanding Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style(CMS) is commonly used in physical, natural, and social sciences.

Chicago Manual of Style Paper Format

General CMS Guidelines

  • Margins should be set at no less than 1” and no greater than 1.5”. 
  • Typeface should be something readable, such as Times New Roman or Palatino. 
  • Font size should be no less than 10 pt. (preferably, 12 pt.). 
  • Text should be consistently double-spaced, with the following exceptions: 
    • Block quotations, table titles, and figure captions should be single-spaced. 
      • A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked. 
      • A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks.  
      • An extra line space should immediately precede and follow a blocked quotation. 
      • Blocked quotations should be indented .5” as a whole. 
  • Notes and bibliographies should be singled-spaced internally; however, leave an extra line space between note and bibliographic entries. 
  • Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1. 
  • Subheadings should be used for longer papers. 
    • CMS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide. 
      • For Turabian’s recommendations, see “Headings,” below. 
  • Put an extra line space before and after subheadings, and avoid ending them with periods.