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Library Resources for Graduate & PhD Students: Citing Sources-APA

This LibGuide was designed to introduce SU Graduate Students to Library Resources and Services available at John B. Cade Library

APA Style Guide

Understanding APA

American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely used in psychology, political science and social sciences. Need more APA Style help? Visit the APA Style website and blog at


APA paper format

APA paper format

  • Double-space your paper
  • Use 12 point Times Roman font
  • Your major paper sections should include: Title page, Abstract, Main Body, and Reference Page


In-Text Citations: APA

In-text citation reference a source inside the body of your research paper.

*Source i.e., journal, magazine, newspaper, book, website, etc.

In-text citation support facts in your paper.

In-text citations consist of the surname(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication.

  • If there is no author, use the title (or a short form of the title, if it is lengthy) and the year. Titles that are italicized in the reference list are italicized in text; titles that are not italicized in the reference list appear in quotation marks.
  • If there is no date, use “n.d.” (without quotation marks) instead.



Basics of APA Style Tutorial

Academic Writer Tutorial

Tutorials (APA 7th Edition)