Strategy #1: Paraphrase
Paraphrase is your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in your own words.
Getting paraphrasing right
Strategy #2: Quoting
Quoting is copying the exact words of the original passage and showing evidence with quotation marks. There are two types of quotations: direct and indirect.
Use quotations to:
Strategy #3: Summarizing
A summary is a shortened version of the original text. The purpose of a summary is to highlight the major points from reviewed text. The goal is to help the audience get the gist in a short period of time.
Getting summarizing right
Strategy 4: Use style guides or style manuals
Style Guides or style manuals are used to document resources used throughout your research paper.
* Always consult with your instructior to determine which style guide to use.
Citing sources used in your research paper will:
An in-text citation provides information about the source used in your research paper. Often, in-text citations include a signal phrase which gives the author's name and parenthetical reference (author's name and page number). The set-up of an in-text citation will vary according to each style guide (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.)
What is a signal phrase?
A signal phrase signal to a reader that either a direct quote or paraphrase is about to follow.
The following contain suggested signal phrases to use when introducing a quote or paraphrase.
Example using APA in-text citation
Remember there are different types of quotations.
Types of quotations include:
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