Skip to main content

Plagiarism Prevention & Citation Sources: Strategies for Preventing Plagiarism

This Plagiarism LibGuide is developed to guide users in the use of specific citation styles and plagiarism prevention techniques.

Website

Strategies for preventing plagiarism

Strategy #1: Paraphrase

Paraphrase is your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in your own words.

Getting paraphrasing right

  • Re-read passages until you understand the full meaning.
  • Set the original asidem and write the paraphrase on a note card.
  • Rewrite the main points in your words without looking at the original.
  • Check the original to make sure that your version expresses all essential information.
  • Type your paraphrase in your paper.
  • Remember to cite using APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.

Strategy #2: Quoting

Quoting is copying the exact words of the original passage and showing evidence with quotation marks. There are two types of quotations: direct and indirect.

Use quotations to:

  • Emphasize a point you've made
  • Provide an example
  • Show an author's intention
  • Show how historical figures spoke or thought

Strategy #3: Summarizing

A summary is a shortened version of the original text. The purpose of a summary is to highlight the major points from reviewed text. The goal is to help the audience get the gist in a short period of time.

Getting summarizing right

  • Read the selection, looking for key ideas, and evidence
  • Identify the writer's main purpose of the dscussion
  • Combine your section summaries
  • Indicate clearly the source of your summary using a style guide or style manual (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.)

Strategy 4: Use style guides or style manuals

Style Guides or style manuals are used to document resources used throughout your research paper.

* Always consult with your instructior to determine which style guide to use.

Why are citations important to research papers?

Citing sources used in your research paper will:

  • Prevent plagiarism by giving credit to others ideas
  • Back up important facts made in your paper
  • Demonstrate that you researched your topic

What is an in-text citation?

An in-text citation provides information about the source used in your research paper. Often, in-text citations include a signal phrase which gives the author's name and parenthetical reference (author's name and page number). The set-up of an in-text citation will vary according to each style guide (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.)

What is a signal phrase?

A signal phrase signal to a reader that either a direct quote or paraphrase is about to follow.

 The following contain suggested signal phrases to use when introducing a quote or paraphrase.

Acknowledges
Adds
Admits
Addresses
Argues
Asserts
Believes
Claims
Comments
Compares
Confirms

Contends
Declares
Denies
Disputes
Emphasizes
Endorses
Grants
Illustrates
Implies
Insists
Notes

Observes
Points out
Reasons
Refutes
Rejects
Reports
Responds
Suggests
Thinks
Writes

 

Example using APA in-text citation

Facts about quotations

Remember there are different types of quotations.

Types of quotations include:

  • Direct quotations incorporates another person's direct words in your writing
  • Indirect quotations are not exact words but rephrasing or summaries of another person's writings.
  • Short quotes are places in quotation marks in the text of your research paper. Short quotes consist of 40 words or less. 
  • Long quotes are used when a quotation exceeds 40 words in length. Place direct quotes longer than 40 words in block quotation.
  • Block quotation or long quotation is a quotation in a writtne document which is set off from the main text as a distinct paragraph (or block)

Plagiarism and Citing Sources Handout

Plagiarism Detector

A reputable and experienced team of software developers eager to facilitate students, teachers, website owners, entrepreneurs, publishers, and writers worldwide is the Plagiarism Detector team. To improve the quality of the content, we have created this software which automatically scans your documents and extracts information, compares it with millions of other authentic sources available on internet and detects even the smallest of plagiarism.